Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Question: Talk about the Intercultural Communication Issues. Answer: Presentation Multicultural openness is of the utmost importance in worldwide business. Creating abilities for overseeing intercultural correspondences is essential for organizations going universal, for example, Amys company(Varner 2000, p.50). To prevail in worldwide business, business people must structure intercultural capabilities, and techniques such how to utilize an expanded workforce(Beckers Bsat 2014, p.145). Similarly, making trustful relationship is likewise significant in worldwide business. Intercultural Communication Issues Growing business into the Chinese market requires Amy to comprehend their verbal and nonverbal cues(Fall et al. 2013, p.413). Moreover, the development in innovation and web makes multifaceted interchanges key for organizations growing internationally(FernndezSouto, Gestal Pesqueira 2015, p.235). A portion of the key issues that will influences Amy venture into include: Language hindrance. Non-verbal contrasts. Force separation. High setting versus slow setting society. Language Barrier Amy will confront language hindrance challenges as she ventures into Chinese market(Cotton 2015, par.4). She just gets English and a dominant part of individuals in China speak Chinese. To prevail in her first gathering, Amy ought to distinguish a bilingual translator. When the organization sets up itself in China, it should concentrate on utilizing people who are capable in different languages(Pikhart 2014, p.952). Nonverbal Differences There is significant qualification among maverick and collectivist societies as far as intercultural communication(Kutz 2013, p.66). People from the above societies use signals and eye to eye connection in an unexpected way. It is significant for Amy to address her nonverbal signals before her first gathering with Chinese business partners. She needs to comprehend that Chinese think about an excess of signals as being inconsiderate. In Australia, delayed eye to eye connection is viewed as straightforwardness and legit, however in China it is considered as being inconsiderate (Maude 2011, p.43). High Culture versus Low Context Culture This alludes to how people contemplations, emotions, and childhood influence the way wherein they behave in various cultures(Mattock 2003, p.54). Australia is a low culture setting while China is a high setting society (Gudykunst 2003, p.45; Brink Costigan.2015, p.10). Organizations in Australia are individualistic, which means the choices depend on realities. In like manner, trust between businessmen is esteemed. High culture nations, for example, China esteem relational relationship (Norales 2006, p.45). Continuation Business people from China accentuate on creating individual relationship before marking an agreement. Furthermore, they are worried about gathering achievement as opposed to individual success(Norales 2006, p.45). Given these distinctions, it will be hard for Amy to arrange her business bargain. For example, Amy may concentrate on completing the arrangement, and the remote accomplice probably won't be content with her activities. Basically, the outside accomplice should seriously think about Amy as somebody who intends to satisfy her egotistical intrigue. Synopsis and Conclusions Social assorted variety is fundamental for Amy to prevail in Chinese Market. Furthermore, intercultural correspondence decides the achievement or disappointment of the organization in any universal market. Thus, Amy needs to have nitty gritty data with respect to nonverbal and verbal qualifications among Australia and China. Capacity to discuss successfully with people from particular societies is key in prevailing in universal markets, to be exact China. Continuation For example, viable utilization of verbal and nonverbal prompts will take out occurrences of miscommunication. China thinks of it as an untouchable to unexpectedly irritate somebody utilizing non-verbal communication. For this situation, Amy ought to consistently utilize altruistic signals to speak with her universal accomplices. She ought to likewise avoid from using alright images, pointer, and approval and down. Suggestions To prevail in the Chinese market, Amy ought to do the accompanying: vMaintain a receptive outlook in circumstances that are new to her. vBe alert on how people structure particular societies associate. vBe prepared to adjust and learn in any new condition. vDemonstrate unwavering quality and consistency. References Beckers, A, Bsat, M., 2014. An Analysis of Intercultural Business Communication. Diary of Business Behavioral Sciences, 26(3), pp. 143-153. Edge, K, Costigan, R., 2015.Oral Communication Skills: Are the Priorities of the Workplace and AACSB-Accredited Business Programs Aligned?', Academy Of Management Learning Education, 14(2), pp. 205-221 , G., 2015. The Importance of Cross-Cultural Business Communications. Seen from, https://www.eonetwork.org/octane-magazine/uncommon highlights/theimportanceofcrossculturalbusinesscommunications Fall, L, Kelly, S, MacDonald, P, Primm, C, Holmes, W., 2013. Intercultural Communication Misgiving and Emotional Intelligence in Higher Education: Preparing Business Students for Career Success. Business Communication Quarterly, 76(4), pp. 412-426. Fernndez-Souto, A, Gestal, M, Pesqueira, A., 2015. Business and Intercultural Communication. Procedia Economics and Finance, pp. 233-237. Gudykunst, W. B., 2003. Diverse and intercultural correspondence. Thousand Oaks [u.a.], Sage Publ. Kutz, K., 2013. Boundaries to multifaceted correspondence. New York: Grin Verlag. Mattock, J., 2003. Diverse correspondence. London: Kogan Page Limited. Maude, B. , 2011. Overseeing Cross-Cultural Communication: Principles and Practice. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan Norales, F. O. (2006). Diverse correspondence: ideas, cases and difficulties. Youngstown, NY, Cambria. Pikhart, M 2014. Executing New Global Business Trends to Intercultural Business Communication. Procedia - Social And Behavioral Sciences, 152, ERPA International Congress on Education, ERPA Congress 2014, 6-8 June 2014, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 950-953. Varner, II 2000. The Theoretical Foundation for Intercultural Business Communication: A Conceptual.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Memoir of Pompey the Great, Roman Statesman Pompey the Great (September 29, 106 BCEÃ¢â¬September 28, 48Ã BCE) was one of the fundamental Roman military pioneers and legislators during the last many years of the Roman Republic. He made a political coalition with Julius Caesar, wedded his little girl, and afterward battled against him for control of the domain. A gifted warrior, Pompey got known as Pompey the Great. Quick Facts: Pompey the Great Known For: Pompey was a Roman military authority and legislator who was a piece of the First Triumvirate with Marcus Licinius Crassus and Julius Caesar.Also Known As: Pompey, Gnaeus Pompeius MagnusBorn: September 29, 106 BCE in Picenum, Roman RepublicDied: September 28, 48 BCE in Pelusium, EgyptSpouse(s): AntistiaÃ¢ (m. 86-82 BCE), Aemilia ScauraÃ¢ (m. 82-79 BCE), Mucia TertiaÃ¢ (m. 79-61 BCE), JuliaÃ¢ (m. 59-54 BCE), Cornelia MetellaÃ¢ (m. 52-48 BCE)Children: Gnaeus Pompeius, Pompeia Magna, Sextus Pompeius Early Life In contrast to Caesar, whose Roman legacy was long and famous, Pompey originated from a non-Latin family in Picenum (in northern Italy), with cash. His father,Ã Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo, was an individual from the Roman Senate. At 23, following in his dads strides, Pompey entered the political scene by raising soldiers to assist Roman with generaling Sulla free Rome from the Marians. Marius and Sulla had been at chances since the time Marius assumed acknowledgment for a triumph in Africa that his subordinate Sulla had built. Their battles prompted numerous Roman passings and incomprehensible infringement of Roman law, for example, carrying a military into the city itself. Pompey was a Sullan and a supporter of the moderate Optimates. A novus homo, or new man, Marius was Julius Caesars uncle and a supporter of the populist bunch known as the Populares. Pompey battled Marius men in Sicily and Africa. For his grit in fight, he was given the title Pompey the Great (Pompeius Magnus). Sertorian War and Third Mithridatic War Common war proceeded in Rome when Quintus Sertorius, one of the Populares, propelled an assault against the Sullans in the Western Roman Empire. Pompey was sent to help the SullansÃ¢ in the battling, which endured from 80 BCE to 72 BCE. Pompey was a talented planner; he utilized his powers to draw out the adversary and assault them when they least speculated it. In 71 BCE, he helped Roman pioneers stifle the slave uprising drove by Spartacus, and he later assumed a job in the destruction of the privateer danger. At the point when he attacked the nation of Pontus, in Asia Minor, in 66 BCE, Mithridates, who had for quite some time been a thistle in Romes side, fled to the Crimea where he organized his own passing. This implied the Mithridatic wars were at long last finished; Pompey could assume praise for another triumph. In the interest of Rome, Pompey additionally assumed responsibility for Syria in 64 BCEÃ¢â¬â¹ and caught Jerusalem. At the point when he came back to Rome in 61 BCE, he held a triumphal festival. The First Triumvirate Alongside Marcus Licinius Crassus and Julius Caesar, Pompey framed what is known as the First Triumvirate, which turned into the overwhelming power in Roman legislative issues. Together, these three rulers had the option to hold onto power from a portion of the Optimates and oppose the intensity of the Roman nobles in the Senate. Like Pompey, Caesar was a talented and exceptionally regarded military pioneer; Crassus was the wealthiest man in the Roman Empire. The collusions between the three men, in any case, were close to home, shaky, and brief. Crassus was disturbed that Pompey had assumed praise for conquering the Spartans, however with Caesar interceding, he consented to the plan for political finishes. At the point when Pompeys spouse Julia (Caesars little girl) passed on, one of the principle joins broke. Crassus, a less proficient military pioneer than the other two, was executed in military activity in Parthia. Common War After the disintegration of the First Triumvirate, pressures started to raise among Pompey and Caesar. Some Roman heads, including the individuals who had recently opposed the authority of Pompey and Caesar, chose to back Pompey in a political race for emissary, expecting that the inability to do so would make a force vacuum in Rome. Pompey at that point wedded Cornelia, the girl of the Roman delegate Metellus Scipio. For a period, Pompey controlled a great part of the Roman Empire while Caesar proceeded with his battles abroad. In 51 BCE, Pompey made moves to ease Caesar of his order. He vowed to surrender his own armed forces too; nonetheless, a few researchers guarantee this was simply a ploy to hurt general assessment of Caesar, who nobody expected would give up his powers. Exchanges proceeded fruitlessly for quite a while, with neither one of the commanders ready to make military concessions, and in the end the contention transformed into inside and out war. The Great Roman Civil War-otherwise called Caesars Civil War-kept going four years, from 49 to 45 BCE. It reached a conclusion with Caesars definitive triumph at the Battle of Munda. Demise Pompey and Caesar originally confronted each other as adversary leaders after Caesar, resisting orders from Rome, crossed the Rubicon. Caesar was the victor of the fight at Pharsalus in Greece, where he was dwarfed by Pompeys powers. After the destruction, Pompey fled to Egypt, where he was executed and his head cut off with the goal that it could be sent to Caesar. Inheritance Despite the fact that he betrayed Caesar, Pompey was broadly respected by his kinsmen for his job in the victory of different domains. He was particularly appreciated by the nobles, and sculptures of him were put in Rome as a tribute to his military and political achievements. His picture was imprinted on silver coins in 40 BCE. Pompey has been portrayed in various movies and TV arrangement, including Julius Caesar, Rome, Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of an Empire, and Spartacus: War of the Damned. Sources Fields, Nic.Ã Warlords of Republican Rome: Caesar versus Pompey. Casemate, 2010.Gillespie, William Ernest.Ã Caesar, Cicero and Pompey: the Roman Civil War. 1963.Morrell, Kit.Ã Pompey, Cato, and the Governance of the Roman Empire. Oxford University Press, 2017.Seager, Robin.Ã Pompey, a Political Biography. College of California Press, 1979.
Thursday, August 13, 2020
Self-Help Strategies for Living With OCD OCD Treatment Print Self-Help Strategies for Living With OCD By Owen Kelly, PhD Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on August 05, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on September 19, 2019 Westend61 / Getty Images More in OCD Treatment Causes Symptoms and Diagnosis Types Living With OCD Related Conditions Although treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) usually entails consulting with a qualified mental health professional, there are a number of OCD self-help strategies that you can start using right now to help cope with your OCD symptoms. Get the Facts About OCD Perhaps the most important OCD self-help strategy is to learn as much as you possibly can about your illness. OCD is a chronic illness that requires day-to-day management of symptoms instead of focusing on an ultimate cure. Having a chronic illness requires that you become an expert on your condition and getting informed is the first step. Options for Treating OCD Learn to Cope With Stress Effectively If you have OCD, you know that OCD and stress go together. While there are a number of ways that people choose to cope with stress, not all coping strategies are equally effective in managing OCD and stress. In fact, some coping strategies can do more harm than good. An essential OCD self-help tool is to learn good coping strategies for dealing with stress like getting enough sleep, eating well, exercising, meditation, and sticking with your treatment plan. Get a Handle on Worry Like stress, OCD and excessive worry often go hand in hand. This worry can focus on the theme of your obsessions, the consequences of your illness or it can relate to everyday matters such as paying bills or performing well at work. Unfortunately, worrying can often consume quite a bit of energy and make it difficult to relax. Learning techniques for coping with worry, such as analyzing the probability of what youre worried about actually happening and deciding how to cope with the worst-case scenario should it happen, is a valuable self-help strategy. Practice Relaxation Techniques Given that stress and worry are major triggers of OCD symptoms, one of the best ways to boost your OCD self-help skills is to learn and practice a number of relaxation techniques. Deep breathing, mindfulness meditation, and progressive muscle relaxation can be very effective additions to any OCD self-help strategy. Relaxing Your Body and Mind Get Moving Most of us are familiar with the many physical benefits of aerobic exercise, including reduced cholesterol levels and lowered risk of heart disease and diabetes. However, there is growing evidence that exercise such as running may be an important OCD self-help strategy for reducing the frequency and intensity of OCD symptoms. How Aerobic Exercise Can Reduce OCD Symptoms Practice Being Mindful Originating in eastern spiritual traditions such as Buddhism, mindfulness emphasizes a non-judgmental awareness of bodily sensations, sights, sounds, thoughts, and emotions. There are a couple of ways in which mindfulness can help you cope with OCD. First, being mindful of distressing or disturbing thoughts may act as a form of exposure to feared obsessions, similar to a person who is afraid of dogs spending time with a dog to lessen the fear. Mindfulness may help you become less invested in your thoughts and help you to realize that a thought is just a collection of words or images and is nothing to fear in itself. This can help to reduce thought-action fusion, a psychological process that can make OCD symptoms worse. Explore Alternative Therapies Alternative medicines such as herbal remedies have been growing in popularity in both Europe and North America. Many people with anxiety disorders such as OCD have tried alternative therapies at one time or another. One of the most popular herbal remedies for anxiety is St. Johns Wort, although the evidence is mixed as to whether it is effective. Of course, consult with your doctor before starting any herbal treatment. The 9 Best Online Therapy Programs
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Cancer is a genetic disease that is caused by mutations to genes that regulate a cellÃ¢â¬â¢s functions. According to the National Ovarian Cancer Coalition, Ã¢â¬Å"Ovarian cancer is a disease in which malignant or cancerous cells are found in the ovariesÃ¢â¬ (American Cancer Society). In other words, as the cells within the ovaries continue to grow abnormally, benign or malignant neoplasms will occur. Those cells will then outlive normal cells, and spread rapidly to other sections of the body due to the abnormal functioning of the cell cycle, which includes the G0 phase, G1 phase, S phase, G2 phase, and M phase. In particular, as stated before, the cell cycle consists of five different phases: G0 phase, G1 phase, S phase, G2 phase, and M phase.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In the G1 phase, there are two options that cells consider: the G0 phase, or the continuation of the cell cycle. The G0 phase is a non-diving but metabolically active state that cells may enter from the G1 pha se of the cell cycle. However, cancer cells will not enter the G0 phase and will begin to rapidly divide. Therefore, in the cell cycle, cancerous cells refuse to enter the G0 phase or dormant phase in order to reproduce at a rapid pace. Moreover, carcinogens are chemical or physical agents that have been proven by science that they can increase the risk of cancer. Commonly known carcinogens include environmental exposures or risk factors. Basically, these environmental exposures or risk factors are entities in a personÃ¢â¬â¢s environment that can increase the chances of developing cancer, such as a personÃ¢â¬â¢s lifestyle and the factors that they are exposed to in their environment. By way of example, tobacco, radon, air pollution, charred food, dietary choices, radiation, and power lines are just a few of the confirmed environmental risk factors. As reported by Dr. Wascher from the Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Ã¢â¬Å"Tobacco is by far the greatest cause of cancer cases and death.Ã¢â¬ Statistics display that approximately one-third of cancer-related deaths are from this environmental exposure. Then, after tobacco, it is proven that radon is the second-highest environmental risk factor for cancer. Furthermore, air pollution and charred food
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s Poetics is a brilliant book on the mechanics of poetry, tragedy, and epics. He details the specific characteristics that poetry, tragedy and epic needs to have in order to make it such. The poem Beowulf is a wonderful example of a brilliant piece of poetry, originating from England, tells of the great warrior Beowulf and his battles with Grendel, GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, and finally his last battle with the dragon that terrorizes his city and leads to his death. Considering BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s death while fighting the dragon, should the poem, Beowulf, be thought of as an epic or a heroic tragedy? According to Aristotle, Ã¢â¬Å"Tragedy is a representation of an action of a superior kind-grand, and complete in itself- presented in embellished language, in distinct forms in different parts, performed by actors rather than by a narrator, effecting, through pity and fear, the purification[catharsis] of such emotionsÃ¢â¬ (Poetics 23). Tragedy is supposed to give the view er a way to channel emotions through mimesis, pity and fear, and catharsis. In fact, Leon Golden identifies mimesis, pity and fear, and catharsis as Ã¢â¬Å"the starting point in [an] attempt to establish a fully adequate theory of tragedyÃ¢â¬ (Golden 23). Mimesis means imitation; however, the English word imitation does not do justice to what the words means in its original Greek. In Greek, mimesis connotes imitation, but imitation of a deeper level; imitation almost on the level of occupying someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s body in order to achieveShow MoreRelatedThe Epic Of Beowulf And Grendel1363 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen one first encounters the epic poem Beowulf, they are usually taken aback by the differences between the text of the Anglo Saxons at that time and our present culture. This tale of a heroic warrior, Beowulf, defeating his opponent, Grendel, is certainly different from current works of fiction. Differences in diction, context, and characters allow readers to see how diff erent other cultures were, and whether or not these differences carry over into other cultures. It is no secret that things haveRead MoreThe Epic Of Beowulf And Grendel1363 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen one first encounters the epic poem Beowulf, they are usually taken aback by the differences between the text of the Anglo Saxons at that time and our present culture. This tale of a heroic warrior, Beowulf, defeating his opponent, Grendel, is certainly different from current works of fiction. Differences in diction, context, and characters allow readers to see how different other cultures were, and whether or not these differences carry over into other cultures. It is no secret that things haveRead MoreFate And Fate In Sir Gawain And The Green Knight741 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageseffect. In the epic poem Beowulf, the hero battles many enemies and at the same time discovering his destinies. In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Gawain must be able to meet his fate as he faces the Green Knight. In the tragedy Macbeth, Macbeth finds ways to try and alter his fate. Fate is portrayed in the epic poem Beowulf as he discovers his heroic destiny, in the epic poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight as Gawain is determined seek the Green Knight, and in the Shakespearian tragedy Macbeth as heRead MoreMonsters and Men in a Array of Literature 727 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesother are obscure from the: Macbeth, Beowulf, and Frankenstein. All three writers published each for separate purposes. William Shakespeare Constructed Macbeth for the king and was hinting advice toward the king. In reflection, the epic poem of Beowulf is not similar to Frankenstein in anyway. However all of these pieces of literature have an allusion to monsters and men. In stating this monsters and men are not universal throughout the genres of tragedy, epic poem, and romanticism novel. The playRead MoreDifferences Between Hamlets Mental/Emotional Conflicts and Beowulfs Physical Battles960 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBeowulfs physical battles Beowulf is an epic poem from an unknown author. The main point and theme of Beowulf is about heroism of a warrior with courage who becomes an epic hero; not only by his strength in the battles but also by his social obligations. In Williams ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play, Hamlet, HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s mental and emotional conflict is based on a tragedy of revenge. It is the differences of Beowulf and Hamlet, that also make it the same. The epic poem Beowulf tells the story of a Geatland warrior;Read MoreEssay on Comparison of Modern Day Heroes and Beowulf744 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesHeroes and Beowulf Most of us have heard of modern day heroes such as Spiderman, Superman, and the Hulk. Each is a hero to many children. Heroes are introduced to people early on in life usually as fictional characters, but as children grow older their perceptions of heroes alter. The characteristics of a hero are usually based around the ideas of a society or culture. In the epic Beowulf, the main character is thought of as a hero. Beowulf, a pagan warrior and the main character of the epic, showsRead MoreBeowulf And The Epic s Christian Identity896 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBeowulf and the EpicÃ¢â¬â¢s Christian Identity Composed in early eighth century by an unknown author the epic poem Beowulf, follows the exploits of the protagonist of the same name. Originally composed orally by a tribeÃ¢â¬â¢s scop, the epic of Beowulf delivers insight on the lives and adventures of characters that lived in the sixth century. Although, the tale of Beowulf was formulated during post Roman collapse by presumably pagan people; written around seven hundred A.D., it is probable that a ChristianRead MoreCourageous Acts by Heroes in Ancient Literature1546 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In my essay I will be taking about the courageous acts by heroes in ancient literature. An old English epic poem set in Scandinavia called Ã¢â¬Å"BeowulfÃ¢â¬ is a brave adventurous poem about the hero of Geats who helps the King of Danes. Secondly, Ã¢â¬Å"The AntigoneÃ¢â¬ a tragedy play written by Sophocles in 400BC. It is mainly focused on a brother sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship. At last I will talk about the epic Latin poem Ã¢â¬Å" The AeneidÃ¢â¬ by Virgil is a legendary story about Aeneas travels to Italy. In Italy, AeneasÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreEpic of Beowulf Essay740 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages The characters Oedipus and Beowulf represent two different types of heroes. Oedipus is a tragic hero and characterized by its standards. He was an influential man of stature who had a tragic flaw. While he contributed to his own downfall, Oedipus was not entirely responsible for it. He also learned a lesson from his mistakes which ultimately creates a catharsis in the reading audience. Beowulf, on the other hand, is characterized by the standards of an epic hero. He strives for excellenceRead MoreEssay on A Comparison of Oedipus and Beowulf693 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages The characters Oedipus and Beowulf represent two different types of heroes. Oedipus is a tragic hero and characterized by its standards. He was an influential man of stature who had a tragic flaw. While he contributed to his own downfall, Oedipus was not entirely responsible for it. He also learned a lesson from his mistakes which ultimately creates a catharsis in the reading audience. Beowulf, on the other hand, is characterized by the standards of an epic hero. He strives for excellence
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Refugee by Pearl S. Buck Genre: social problem Theme: the aftermath of a natural disaster Setting: city in China; flood Characters: old man, noodle vendor, passer-by Summary: Please put the paragraphs into the correct order: An old man, too old for the heavy burden he is carrying, is the last of the procession. He can hardly keep up with the others. We will write a custom essay sample on The Refugee or any similar topic only for you Order Now When he can no longer go on he sits down near a stand selling hot noodles. A man passing by takes pity on him and offers him some coins, although he himself does not know where his next meal is to come from. The old man is reluctant to take the money. He does not want to be thought a beggar and so explains the situation. He says that his people had good land, but that the river rose and they had no food left. In desperation they even ate the seed which had been bought for planting the land. He takes pains to defend his people, saying that they were too hungry and too inexperienced to think of the future, although he warned them not to eat the seed. The passer-by drops a silver coin and a copper penny into the old manÃ¢â¬â¢s apron and goes on his way. To the noodle vendorÃ¢â¬â¢s surprise the old man does not spend all the money on food, but only the copper coin. He gives the noodles to his small grandson, whom he is carrying in one of his baskets. The boyÃ¢â¬â¢s mother and father had died in the floods and the old man is now looking after the child. He himself only eats the few scraps left by the boy. Then he hands the bowl back to the astonished vendor, who cannot understand why a starving man with a silver coin does not buy more food for himself. The old man explains that the rest of the money is for seed. He says that the best thing he can do for his grandson is to buy seed to ensure against more starvation the following year. The flooding of the river has forced the farmers of an unnamed country to leave their homelands and look for food and shelter in the capital a few hundred miles away. The city is full of ragged and starving refugees and nobody really knows how to cope with the problem. They have to live in great camps outside the city wall trying to find work and food. The situation is causing a lot of bitterness among the local inhabitants. One day some new refugees arrive. They are different from the others in that they are not Ã¢â¬Å"riff-raff from some community always poor and easily starving in a flood timeÃ¢â¬ . They are all from the same region and are well-built, neatly and cleanly dressed and obviously take pride in themselves, despite their hopeless situation. There are, however, no young girls and no infants, which suggests that they must have perished during the floods while still working in the fields. All of them carry bedding and cauldrons, though there is no trace of food in any of them. The lack of food shows in their faces and in their apathy towards the things around them. Unit I The Situation in the City 1. The situation in the city Why did the refugees have to leave their land? How do the refugees feel about the new place? Which words tell the reader that the place where they come from is very different from where they are now? How does the time of year make the situation of the refugees even worse? How do the local inhabitants feel about all the refugees in their city? The crowd of refugees is described as a Ã¢â¬Å"hordeÃ¢â¬ (25 5). This term expresses dislike. Which other word in the same paragraph describes the refugees in a way which shows how much the inhabitants dislike them being in the city? Look the word up in a dictionary. What does it compare the refugees with? What ideas come to mind when you hear the word Ã¢â¬Å"hordeÃ¢â¬ ? Unit II The Refugees 1. The new refugees Despite the differences which exist between the new refugees and the others what do they have in common? common features: | |Feeling of alienation and estrangement | |They are as in a dream: apathy, lack of interest, no curiosity, indifference, despair, loss of hope, no confidence | | | |differences: | |common refugees |new refugees | |they beg at doors | | |they have no belongings | | |tend to be poor wherever they are | | |Ã¢â¬ clothed somehowÃ¢â¬ (24 14-15) | | |they are Ã¢â¬Å"raggedÃ ¢â¬ (24 16) | | |riff-raff no-one is proud of | | Unit III The significance of the title What makes the old man different from all the other refugees? Unit IV Unanswered Questions; The Message Topics for further discussion: What natural catastrophes threaten us? The message What can the reader learn from the story? Suggestion for written work: a) Imagine you are a citizen of the capital, a shopkeeper. You have had enough of all these refugees and do not want any more to come. You saw the new ones arrive yesterday. Write a letter to the editor of your local paper, explaining your point of view and demanding that something should be done about the situation. Words from the story will help you. b) Imagine you are the person who gave the money to the old man. Write a letter to the editor of your local paper, explaining how you feel: say that you want the city to do more to help the refugees both in their present situation and in the future. Suggest some ways of preventing a second catastrophe. Explain what will happen if there is no long-term help. Start both letters with Ã¢â¬ËDear sirÃ¢â¬â¢ and end them with Ã¢â¬ËYours faithfullyÃ¢â¬â¢. Read the letters out in class and discuss them. How to cite The Refugee, Papers
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Baseball Strike Essay, Research Paper GAME OVER! # 8220 ; I don # 8217 ; t like it. People won # 8217 ; t be able to come to these games any longer, and I don # 8217 ; t like that # 8221 ; . A sad nine # 8211 ; twelvemonth # 8211 ; old fan voices his concerns on the 1994 major League Baseball work stoppage. The `94 baseball season has come to an disconnected terminal. Players have ceased drama because they feel they are being treated below the belt with the proprietor # 8217 ; s program to enforce a salary cap. Owners are happening it hard to come to footings with their ain dissensions. Small market squads are lifting to power with their demands while big market squad proprietors are happening it difficult to cover with the squads and their issues, while still seeking to delight the participants. In kernel, it is a three # 8211 ; manner conflict between the two sides of big and little market proprietors and the participants. Neither side is demoing any kind of understanding for the other side. They are lodging with their proposals without any ideas of altering them. Confusion is puting in on both sides. They are happening it difficult to tilt toward a end when they do non cognize what they want. The baseball work stoppage involves greed, uncertainness, and deficiency of desire to decide the issue on both sides. While confusion saddle horses among proprietors and continuity drives high among participants, things are merely traveling to acquire worse until they come to some kind of an understanding. The baseball work stoppage of `94 officially hit the Black Marias of America on August 12, three quarters into one of the most challenging seasons in a long clip. A season on the brink of interrupting many long standing records. As the work stoppage began, the people of the universe looked with unhappiness, every bit good as disgust towards participants and proprietors. Officially, the work stoppage is the participants verses the proprietors, but at a closer expression, it is much more complicated. Within the proprietors meetings, there is feuding every bit good. Small market nines such as Montreal, Milwaukee, Cincinnati, and Kansas City, are turn toing their demands which conflict the demands of the big market proprietors. The chief concern the proprietors have is that participants wages are eating up an increased per centum of the proprietors grosss. Small market proprietors are now take a firm standing that all 28 ball nines portion their income every bit, non merely to keep para in the conference, but besides so the smaller nines can survive. Money began vanishing from baseball in 1989 when proprietors, found guilty of collusion, boycotted free agent markets, and were ordered to pay participants 10.5 million dollars. Then, in 1990, a immense telecasting trade was set that was traveling to roll up more than one # 8211 ; billion dollars throughout major conference baseball. The Television bundle failed, and the proprietors lost all the money they were numbering on. Finally, in 1992, Fay Vincent, the commissioner of baseball at the clip, tried to step in and assist out with labour dialogues, merely to be forced to vacate by the proprietors who thought he was out of his topographic point. Now, there is non a commissioner to decide any jobs that baseball has. At this minute, little market squads are coming into control. Last January, the little market proprietors introduced a gross # 8211 ; sharing proposal by endangering the large market squads to portion radio income with the little market squads. The program would merely be set forth if participants agreed to a salary cap, which is where they are now. The big market squads such as Los Angeles, both New York squad, and both Chicago squads, are ignoring the smaller squads jobs. They do non believe gross should be shared among squads. They state it # 8217 ; s a concern. Gross sharing would interrupt the concern. The truth is that squads with smaller grosss can non maintain up with participants wages, while the squads who can pay them more receive the high monetary value, high talented P beds, who increase opportunities of winning and convey in more money. Smaller squads make a good point in stating that a concern is non ever a competition. They say that this concern will non thrive until all facets, and all occupation places in the game are gaining. The lone thing both sides agree on is that baseball must hold a salary cap, which would cut down squad # 8217 ; s disbursement for wages from 58 to 50 per centum of baseball grosss. This would conglomerate more money to delight little market squads, and more net income to do the whole baseball industry more secure. The big market squads are suggesting programs to the little market squads, but it is non traveling to count when the big market squads do non follow with little market supplications to hold gross sharing. The little market proprietors promise to barricade any colony that they believe does non allow them compete with wealthier squads. # 8220 ; Salary cap! # 8221 ; Insist the proprietors. # 8220 ; NO WAY! # 8221 ; Answer the participants. The participants are non squinching on this issue. The participants chose their work stoppage day of the month before spring preparation, instead than subsequently in the season. This allowed proprietors to believe their side through the season and clip after the work stoppage day of the month to check under the force per unit area of restarting drama and continue the station season. The participants realize that they have control if they play or non when they have control if they play or non. When they stopped playing, they had already earned most of their 1994 wage, which averages over 1.2 million dollars per individual. Following month each participant will have 165,500 as a portion of a 200 million dollar showery twenty-four hours fund. The proprietors are losing money over the work arrest, but yet they know they will lose a batch more if these salary additions continue. The participants on the other manus could non care less about the proprietors. They feel they have been cheated for old ages and now this is their clip. They feel that retired participants are being treated below the belt by proprietors because the proprietors did non sedimentation the tri-annual 6. million dollars into the individual fund. What the participants do non recognize is that the pension money was non available because the proprietors are paying the participants # 8217 ; hideous wages. The saddest minute in baseball occurred on the afternoon of Sept. 14 when Small Market proprietor Bud Selig of Milwaukee Brewers announced the cancellation of the remainder of the regular season along with the station season. After an 89 twelvemonth universe series tally, we can merely state two words to depict the autumn authoritative: Game Over. While proprietors are reasoning the hereafter of baseball and participants do non desire to interrupt a nail on their ring finger, there is one party that is apparently forgotten, the cherished fans. They find it difficult to sympathise with the people of baseball and their multi-million dollar jobs when they earn a life to pay for overpriced tickets, boggy hot Canis familiariss, level beer, and all of the other freshnesss that accompany a twenty-four hours at the ball park. America is waiting for person to stand up, wake up to world, and recognize this is merely a game. It has go a billion dollar concern and all the para and merriment is being sucked out by people who are losing the whole ground America is in love with this game. Possibly baseball can look back to when it was a game and larn a thing or two, doing some alterations for the better. America is mutely pleading with baseball to non fall in but it seems baseball does non care. On labour twenty-four hours of this twelvemonth, when the participants were lounging around their sign of the zodiacs watching telecasting, Oakland A # 8217 ; s pitcher Ron Darling said, # 8220 ; What make existent people do on Labor Day? # 8221 ; , desiring understanding because of his ain ennui. Well Ron, possibly following Labor Day, you will be playing baseball, but the # 8220 ; existent people # 8221 ; of this land will be fed up and non watch you play.